The scientists from NHGRI (National Human Genome Research Institute) examined the genomes of the humans, worms and flies, which were mapped that revealed common genetic codes between the three.
The study discovered that the DNA formation and the methodology to turn the genes on and off is similar in each species. According to one of the author’s from the team who wrote the report – Mark Gerstein; “One way to describe and understand the human genome is through comparative genomics and studying model organisms. The special thing about the worm and fly is that they are very distant from humans evolutionarily, so finding something conserved across all three – human, fly and worm – tells us it is a very ancient, fundamental process.”
The doctors also believed that this structure and collection of DNA and proteins, played an important role in the development of cancers. The study is continued by these researchers to understand how the process affects the biological changes.
A detailed information about this study is presented in the journal; ‘Nature’ and the authors will timely continue to edit the journal, whenever they will receive more news.